Objective: Public health decision makers not only consider health benefits but also economic implications when articulating and issuing lifestyle recommendations. Whereas various estimates exist for the economic burden of physical inactivity, excess body weight and smoking, estimates of the economic burden associated with our diet are rare. In the present study, we estimated the…
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The outcome of IHE initiatives is providing better information for developing health policy and best medical practices. IHE disseminates information in many ways. In addition to publications in peer-reviewed journals, IHE produces books and a variety of reports synthesizing information in a particular field.
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Results for: Arto Ohinmaa
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the trends and regional variation of stroke hospital care in 30-day in-hospital mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS), and 1-year total hospitalization cost after implementation of the Alberta Provincial Stroke Strategy.
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infliximab is effective for induction and maintenance of response in patients with moderate to moderately severe ulcerative colitis. Previous cost analyses of infliximab treatment for ulcerative colitis used models of colectomy vs infliximab and response rates derived from early clinical trials. In real life, therapeutic options are more complex; patients…
OBJECTIVE: To provide Canadian estimates of health care utilization costs associated withrheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related and non-RA-related care within 4 treatment strategies and in different physical functioning categories.
OBJECTIVE: Sustained remission in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) results in healthcare utilizationcost savings. We evaluated the variation in estimates of savings when different definitions ofremission [2011 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism Boolean Definition, Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) ≤ 3.3, Clinical Disease Activity Index…
Objectives: To estimate the monetary benefits of ramipril and its distribution over time among four beneficiaries in Canada: the drug developing manufacturer, generic manufacturers, the healthcare sector and employment sectors.
Background: The benefits of pharmaceutical innovations are widely diffused; they accrue to the healthcare providers, patients, employers, and manufacturers. We estimate the societal monetary benefits of simvastatin in Canada and its distribution among different beneficiaries overtime.
OBJECTIVES: In Canada, most mental health services are embedded in the publichealth care system. Little is known of the cost distribution within the mental healthpopulation. Our study aims to estimate the depression care costs of patients with adepression diagnosis, ranking them by the increasing total depression health carecosts.
PURPOSE: This longitudinal study assessed the changes in drug use patterns and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among HIV-positive drug users in the first methadonemaintenance treatment (MMT) cohort in Vietnam.
Background: To address public health risk factors, governments conduct interventions in many different ministries, including non-health ministries. In order to understand the scope and cost of public health in Alberta, we developed a survey of government public health interventions. We included any government ministry or public organization, which includes health as a stated…
The Institute of Health Economics (IHE) has completed a scan to determine what public health-related costs are borne by government departments, ministries, and agencies. The final report, Everybody’s Business: The Cost of Multi-Department Involvement in Public Health in Alberta, was funded by Alberta Health Services (AHS) as part of the Project 2030 initiative that saw the…
Alberta STE Report written under contract with the Alberta Health Technologies Decision Process (AHTDP). Fecal transplantation for the treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated disease or ulcerative colitis examines the clinical research evidence on the safety and effects of fecal transplantation in the treatment of patients with Clostridium difficile-associated disease…
This review considers the evidence of benefit from use of telerehabilitation (TRH) from studies that had clinical or administrative outcomes.
This report reviews the evidence of telehealth in substance abuse and addiction including the literature on smoking, alcohol, drug abuse and gambling. The included telehealth technologies include videoconferencing, computer, Internet, and telephone.
The mental health economics literature review shows that about one third of the articles found in the search did not include any or just minimal economic information. The database of 4005 references can be used to analyze the mental health economic literature e.g. by diagnosis, type of economic analysis, treatment, publication year, and targeted population.
This report compares the use of telemental health services in Canada and Finland, focusing specifically on the use of videoconferencing. Information Specialist: Janice Varney
Evidence of benefit from telemental health applications: a systematic review. This review considers the evidence of benefit from use of telemental health (TMH) in studies that had clinical, economic, or administrative outcomes. The review also includes studies that provided information on the accuracy or feasibility of TMH. Information Specialist: Janice Varney
This booklet is a compendium of existing statistics related to the economic aspect of childhood immunizations in Canada. It brings together, in one document, data obtained from a wide range of sources. It covers topics related to the economic and epidemiological burden of childhood diseases, resources used, and system performance from provincial, national, and international viewpoints.
Evaluation of enzyme immunoassay and immunoblot testing for the diagnosis of syphilis in Alberta. A new protocol for testing and diagnosing syphilis has been proposed in Alberta. The protocol proposes replacing rapid plasma reagin (RPR) with enzyme immunoassay (EIA) as the standard initial test and replacing Treponema pallidum (T. pallidum) particle agglutination assay (TPPA) and…
Institute of Health Economics Working Paper WP 06-02. The purpose of this report is to examine the economic implications for the province if a supplement to the fee schedule were allowed for vacuum-assisted biopsies. NOTE: In 2006 the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research HTA unit moved to IHE. Documents produced in and prior to 2006 have different formats; the format…
Institute of Health Economics Working Paper WP 06-01. The purpose of this report is to examine the economic issues associated with LGB. The following analyses were conducted: a systematic review of the economic literature on obesity-related interventions, with special attention to the differences between gastric bypass and gastric banding; an estimate of the Alberta population…
Institute of Health Economics Working Paper WP 05-06. The purpose of this study was to analyze epidemiologic and cost trends from 1991 to 2001 in the province of Saskatchewan for a cohort of individuals identified as having diabetes and for a randomly selected control cohort. The objectives were to: explore epidemiologic trends (i.e., prevalence, incidence and mortality) in diabetes…
Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research (AHFMR) HTA Report #34. This report reviews the literature on assessment of telecardiology, considering applications in pediatric care, hospital or clinic use for adults, emergency care, and home care. Information Specialist: Seana Collins NOTE: In 2006 the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research HTA unit moved to IHE. Documents…