Abstract: The cost of drug development is commonly cited between US$800 and US$1.8 billion. A similar statistic for vaccines is yet to be estimated, and it is unclear whether the cost of vaccines is similar to drug development. Financial and regulatory policy significantly impacts the extent and cost of pharmaceutical development, and as such it is important that…
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Objectives: To estimate the monetary benefits of ramipril and its distribution over time among four beneficiaries in Canada: the drug developing manufacturer, generic manufacturers, the healthcare sector and employment sectors.
Objectives: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of KT interventions for chronic noncancer pain management.
Rationale, Aims, and Objectives: The Alberta Ambassador Program (AAP) adapted seven clinical practice guidelines on low back pain (LBP) into a single guideline spanning the continuum of care from prevention and diagnosis through to treatment. The Ambassador adaptation process was evaluated to 1 Identify the major challenges encountered and successful strategies utilized;…
INTRODUCTION: Varicella vaccine was introduced to the infant immunization schedule in each province or territory between 2000 and 2007 as a result of the Canadian ImmunizationStrategy. The impact of vaccinating children against this disease is potentially far reaching, asimmunization may also benefit those segments of the population not immunized. The objective of this paper…
Objectives: To estimate the break-even effectiveness of the Alberta Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Service Networks in reducing occurrences of secondary disabilities associated with FASD.
Early Childhood Development: Advancing Children’s Health is the ninth IHE Innovation Forum, a semi-annual event bringing together senior public- and private-sector decision-makers to address policy issues of importance in the healthcare system in Alberta, Canada, and internationally.
Abstract: Medical wait time is a top health policy issue in Canada. Reliable data on the referral wait time from primary to specialty care are limited. Existing data on referral wait times are generally self-reported by specialists. In 2008, the Edmonton North Primary Care Network (PCN) developed a Centralized Referral Program, including a specialist database that contains…
From the Introduction: In this paper, we report a discussion of available evidence regarding the association between poverty and FASD, and regarding the economic consequences of FASD on individuals and families which may materialize an FASD - poverty trap.
Purpose: Studies suggest that childhood trauma is linked to both depression and heavy drinking in adulthood, and may create a lifelong vulnerability to stress. Few studies have explored the effects of stress sensitization on the development of depression or heavy drinking among those who have experienced traumatic childhood events. This study aimed to determine the effect…
BACKGROUND: Pay-for-performance (P4P) is increasingly touted as a means to improve health care quality. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of P4P remuneration targeting individual health careproviders.
Value for Money in the Health System was the eighth in the series of Innovation Forums. The keynote speaker, Mr. Don Drummond, Matthews Fellow and Distinguished Visiting Scholar in the School of Policy Studies at Queens University, and a former Associate Deputy Minister of Finance in the Government of Canada, as well as a former Senior Vice President and Chief Economics at TD Financial…
Background: The aim of this study was to extend an earlier retrospective cohort study of schizophrenia via a prospective study to a follow-up of 34 years, with an emphasis on describing the life-course of the illness.
Background: The benefits of pharmaceutical innovations are widely diffused; they accrue to the healthcare providers, patients, employers, and manufacturers. We estimate the societal monetary benefits of simvastatin in Canada and its distribution among different beneficiaries overtime.
OBJECTIVES: In Canada, most mental health services are embedded in the publichealth care system. Little is known of the cost distribution within the mental healthpopulation. Our study aims to estimate the depression care costs of patients with adepression diagnosis, ranking them by the increasing total depression health carecosts.
Abstract: The potential risks to patient safety in a primary care setting are different than the risks to patient safety in an acute care setting. The main differences arise from the organisational structures of primary care delivery and the greater involvement of patients in their care. To account for these differences, we present the Patient Safety in Primary Care Framework…
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To quantify the potential cost savings of a community pharmacy-basedhypertension management program based on the results of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Intervention by Pharmacists-Hypertension (SCRIP-HTN) study in terms of avoided cardiovascular events-myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure hospitalization, and to compare these cost savings…
PURPOSE: This longitudinal study assessed the changes in drug use patterns and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among HIV-positive drug users in the first methadonemaintenance treatment (MMT) cohort in Vietnam.
This exploratory report provides a summary of some of the published information on the current status of research in and potential future sphere of activity of nanomedicine (Part I) and an inventory of resources on nanotechnology and nanomedicine (Part II). Over the next 5 to 10 years it is expected that the overall impact of nanomedicine will be multifaceted, with significant…
OBJECTIVES: The recent emphasis on knowledge translation (KT) in health care is based on the premise that quality of care improves when research findings are translated into practice. This study aimed to identify the extent, nature, and settings of KT research pertaining to the care of older adults.
Aim: To critically appraise the clinical research evidence on the safety and effectiveness of FT compared with standard care in the treatment of patients with CDAD.
From the Introduction: Until four or five decades ago, the clinical consensus about childhood depression was that it did not, and perhaps could not, occur (Lefkowitz & Burton, 1978; Rie, 1966; Rochlin, 1965; Wolfenstein, 1966). In fact, prior to 1960, childhood depression was rarely mentioned in the literature (Cytryn, 2003; Tisher, 2007). A number of studies and conceptualizations…