Objective: Public health decision makers not only consider health benefits but also economic implications when articulating and issuing lifestyle recommendations. Whereas various estimates exist for the economic burden of physical inactivity, excess body weight and smoking, estimates of the economic burden associated with our diet are rare. In the present study, we estimated the…
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The outcome of IHE initiatives is providing better information for developing health policy and best medical practices. IHE disseminates information in many ways. In addition to publications in peer-reviewed journals, IHE produces books and a variety of reports synthesizing information in a particular field.
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Economic evaluation helps policy makers and healthcare payers make decisions on drug listing, coverage, and reimbursement. When economic evaluations are conducted before a product launch, the prices of the pharmaceuticals have to be forecast.
BACKGROUND: In February 2013, Alberta Health Services established an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) implementation program for adopting the ERAS Society colorectal guidelines into 6 sites (initial phase) that perform more than 75% of all colorectal surgeries in the province. We conducted an economic evaluation of this initiative to not only determine its cost-effectiveness,…
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the trends and regional variation of stroke hospital care in 30-day in-hospital mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS), and 1-year total hospitalization cost after implementation of the Alberta Provincial Stroke Strategy.
BACKGROUND: Eplerenone has been demonstrated as being cost effective for the treatment of patients with systolic heart failure (HF) and mild symptoms in several jurisdictions; however, its cost effectiveness is unknown in the context of Alberta, Canada.
Objective: The objective of this paper is to estimate the additional mental health service costs incurred within the criminal justice system that are incurred because of people with mental illnesses who go through the system. Our focus is on costs in Alberta.
Objectives: In 2006, the Alberta Ministry of Health issued a policy to implement fetal fibronectin (fFN) testing as a publicly funded service for pregnant women. The goals were to reduce maternity health care utilization and unnecessary treatment, which would result in cost-savings for the health system by more accurately diagnosing false preterm labour. We conducted a post-policy…
Objectives: To estimate the life expectancy and specify the causes of death among people with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Methods: Included were all patients recorded in Alberta provincial databases of inpatients, outpatients, or practitioner claims from 2003 to 2012. People with FAS were identified by ICD-9 code 760.71 and ICD-10 codes Q86.0 and P04.3, and were linked…
Abstract: Canada having a universal health insurance plan that provides hospital and physician benefits offers a natural experiment of whether continuity ofcare actually provides lower or higher utilization of services. The question we are evaluating is whether Canadians, who have a regular physician, use more health resources than those who do not have one? Using two statistical…
BACKGROUND: Pay-for-performance (P4P) is increasingly touted as a means to improve health care quality. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of P4P remuneration targeting individual health careproviders.
Value for Money in the Health System was the eighth in the series of Innovation Forums. The keynote speaker, Mr. Don Drummond, Matthews Fellow and Distinguished Visiting Scholar in the School of Policy Studies at Queens University, and a former Associate Deputy Minister of Finance in the Government of Canada, as well as a former Senior Vice President and Chief Economics at TD Financial…
Background: The aim of this study was to extend an earlier retrospective cohort study of schizophrenia via a prospective study to a follow-up of 34 years, with an emphasis on describing the life-course of the illness.
Background: The benefits of pharmaceutical innovations are widely diffused; they accrue to the healthcare providers, patients, employers, and manufacturers. We estimate the societal monetary benefits of simvastatin in Canada and its distribution among different beneficiaries overtime.
OBJECTIVES: In Canada, most mental health services are embedded in the publichealth care system. Little is known of the cost distribution within the mental healthpopulation. Our study aims to estimate the depression care costs of patients with adepression diagnosis, ranking them by the increasing total depression health carecosts.
Abstract: The potential risks to patient safety in a primary care setting are different than the risks to patient safety in an acute care setting. The main differences arise from the organisational structures of primary care delivery and the greater involvement of patients in their care. To account for these differences, we present the Patient Safety in Primary Care Framework…
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To quantify the potential cost savings of a community pharmacy-basedhypertension management program based on the results of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Intervention by Pharmacists-Hypertension (SCRIP-HTN) study in terms of avoided cardiovascular events-myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure hospitalization, and to compare these cost savings…
PURPOSE: This longitudinal study assessed the changes in drug use patterns and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among HIV-positive drug users in the first methadonemaintenance treatment (MMT) cohort in Vietnam.
OBJECTIVES: The recent emphasis on knowledge translation (KT) in health care is based on the premise that quality of care improves when research findings are translated into practice. This study aimed to identify the extent, nature, and settings of KT research pertaining to the care of older adults.
Aim: To critically appraise the clinical research evidence on the safety and effectiveness of FT compared with standard care in the treatment of patients with CDAD.
From the Introduction: Until four or five decades ago, the clinical consensus about childhood depression was that it did not, and perhaps could not, occur (Lefkowitz & Burton, 1978; Rie, 1966; Rochlin, 1965; Wolfenstein, 1966). In fact, prior to 1960, childhood depression was rarely mentioned in the literature (Cytryn, 2003; Tisher, 2007). A number of studies and conceptualizations…
Rationale, aims and objectives: The Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument is a generic tool for assessing guideline quality. This feasibility study aimed to reduce the ambiguity and subjectivity associated with AGREE item scoring, and to augment the tool's capacity to differentiate between good- and poor-quality guidelines. Note: This is an Alberta…
Emceed by Tom Feasby, the University of Calgary’s Dean of Medicine, this third session considered the following theme: Maximizing Health System Performance: Cost Containment and Improved Efficiency. Speakers from all sectors provided a range of perspectives on Cost Containment and Improved Efficiency.
The Institute of Health Economics (IHE) Innovation Forum series reflects one of the key goals of the Institute to promote open debate and dialogue on important issues in the health care system among academia, government, health service executives and industry. The Institute believes that the significant challenges facing the health system will only be addressed if all partners…
Background: Although many programs targeting fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) are implemented, the province of Alberta is still lacking information on costs of FASD. Objectives: To estimate the costs of FASD in Alberta based on available US and Canadian research on costs of FASD, and Alberta data.