Presenteeism (reduced productivity at work) is thought to be responsible for large economic costs. Nevertheless, much of the research supporting this is based on self-report questionnaires that have not been adequately evaluated.
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Presenteeism, reduced productivity while working, has come into consideration as a major occupational health problem in many countries with serious consequences for both organizations and employees. Increasing evidence shows that presenteeism represents a significant source of productivity losses that can cost organizations much more than does absenteeism, and it can lead to an…
Objectives: To assess and compare the measurement properties (ie, validity, reliability, responsiveness) and the quality of the evidence of presenteeism instruments.
This service and evaluation project originated from the Alberta courts via the collaboration of two Alberta Ministries; (1) Alberta Justice & Soliciter General and (2) Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development. The impetus arose when a judge in an environmental protection case observed a need for additional attention to the mental health of workers. An Alberta…
Purpose: Studies suggest that childhood trauma is linked to both depression and heavy drinking in adulthood, and may create a lifelong vulnerability to stress. Few studies have explored the effects of stress sensitization on the development of depression or heavy drinking among those who have experienced traumatic childhood events. This study aimed to determine the effect…
Background: The aim of this study was to extend an earlier retrospective cohort study of schizophrenia via a prospective study to a follow-up of 34 years, with an emphasis on describing the life-course of the illness.
From the Introduction: Until four or five decades ago, the clinical consensus about childhood depression was that it did not, and perhaps could not, occur (Lefkowitz & Burton, 1978; Rie, 1966; Rochlin, 1965; Wolfenstein, 1966). In fact, prior to 1960, childhood depression was rarely mentioned in the literature (Cytryn, 2003; Tisher, 2007). A number of studies and conceptualizations…
OBJECTIVE: About one-third of the annual $51 billion cost of mental illnesses is related toproductivity losses. However, few studies have examined the association of treatment andproductivity. The purpose of our research is to examine the association of depression and itstreatment and work productivity.
Purpose: The concept of the suicidal process implies a progression from behaviour of relatively low intent to completed suicide. Evidence from the literature has given rise to the speculation that the age of onset of an early form of the suicidal process may be associated with the ultimate seriousness of suicidal behaviour. This study was designed to test the hypothesis…
The Alberta Survey of Addictive Behaviours and Mental Health in the Workforce: 2009 is the third such study conducted since 1992. It provides an interesting, comprehensive picture of many issues related to the mental health of workers across all sectors in Alberta. Introduction IHE is pleased to release the final report of The Alberta Survey of Addictive Behaviours and Mental Health…
OBJECTIVE: Life course studies of schizophrenia that have used a 3-phase model (onset,course, and outcome) have had their use restricted owing to differences in definition and methodology. The purpose of this investigation was to describe life course data in mathematical terms and to compare the results with the findings from other life course studies.